AI Health Frontier – Issue 2

AI is “a core, transformative way by which we’re rethinking everything we’re doing.”


— Sundar Pichai, CEO of Google


Artificial intelligence in healthcare

UI Healthcare rolls out autonomous AI diagnostic system for retinopathy
University of Iowa Healthcare has rolled out the first autonomous AI diagnostic system cleared by the FDA. The artificial intelligence tool detects diabetic retinopathy in medical images, which can help prevent blindness in diabetes patients.
[Healthcare IT News / Bill Siwicki]

Scientists use AI to predict side effects from drug combinations

A team from Stanford University is using a new artificial intelligence system to better predict potential side effects from drug combinations. The new system could aid doctors when prescribing drugs to patients already on a laundry list of medications.

[R&D Magazine / Kenny Walter]

New AI software could decrease time spent at hospital for patients
With the help of a virtual (AI) assistant, patients can educate themselves and manage their own progress from home, while providing the healthcare professional with relevant data on the condition of their patients.
[Business Insider]

AI tool passes UK medical diagnostics exam
An artificial intelligence system has passed a medical licensing exam designed to test the diagnostic skills of GPs in the UK. With the average score being 72%, the AI agent achieved a score of 81%.
[AI Trends]

Artificial intelligence helps identify rare conditions using X-rays
Researchers from the University of Toronto have developed a new AI system that enables machine learning to create computer generated X-rays that augment AI training sets, which could improve the speed and accuracy of medical diagnostics.
[R&D Magazine / Kenny Walter]

Artificial intelligence in oncology; fantasy or reality?
AI has the potential to crunch the data from previous targeted cancer treatments and use the insights gained to advise doctors on the best options for their patients. Labiotech gives the background story and examples.
[Labiotech / Timothe Cynober]

China focus: AI beats human doctors in neuroimaging recognition contest
An artificial intelligence system scored 2:0 against elite human physicians Saturday in two rounds of competitions in diagnosing brain tumors and predicting hematoma expansion in Beijing.
[Xinhua / Yamei]


Interesting stuff in the world of AI

Google’s artificial intelligence ethics won’t curb war by algorithm
Google has promised not to renew its contract with the military next year. However, AI still appears to be a key element in the decision-making behind drone strikes.
[WIRED / Phoebe Braithwaite]

Artificial intelligence could one day determine which films get made
By analyzing screenplays, AI agent ‘ScriptBook’ retroactively identified as box-office failures 22 out of the 32 Sony movies that lost money in that period, during which Sony released a total of 62 movies.
[Variety / Peter Caranicas]

Quick guide to understand the hype around ‘deep learning’

It seems like almost every tech conversation happening today somehow touches on the topic of AI, machine learning, or deep learning. But what does it all mean? This quick guide of Iskender Dirik in The Next Web gives an overview.

[The Next Web / Iskender Dirik]

AI Health Frontier – Issue 1

“Artificial intelligence is whatever hasn’t been done yet.”

— Larry Tesler


Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare

How artificial intelligence helps to stave off seizures
WIth a computer that gets implanted into the brain, the NeuroPace Responsive Neurostimulation System can instruct the implant to stimulate users’ brains to interrupt seizures.
[The Wall Street Journal / Christopher Mims]

Consumers say artificial intelligence OK for healthcare, not retail or banking
According to a survey conducted by SAS, consumers are more comfortable using artificial intelligence in healthcare situations than in other aspects of their lives, such as retail or banking.
[Media Post / Chuck Martin]

Artificial intelligence can help diagnose a deadly heart condition
Long QT Syndrome causes about 3,000-4,000 deaths in children and young adults in the U.S. every year. Now, one start-up is testing whether AI can help diagnose the condition at an earlier stage.
[CNBC / Angelica LaVito]

Scientists Use fMRI to visualize human thoughts
Using Functional MRI, the scientists are able to monitor blood flow in the brain and even brain waves. The system is currently being trained to recognize what type of brain activity is related to certain images.
[AI Trends]

10 promising applications of AI in healthcare
The field of AI in healthcare is seemingly very wide, with a large variety of potential applications. But it is also narrow in the way that health AI applications typically perform one single task. HBR has identified the top 10 applications of Health AI.
[Hardvard Business Review / Brian Kalis, Matt Collier, Richard Fu]

Deep learning is seen as a help to cardiologists – not a job threat
Deep learning is often seen as a threat to cardiologists, but the tool could aid clinical decision-making in a way humans can’t, Randolph P. Martin, MD, says.
[AI Trends]

Google aims to prevent blindness using AI
Scientists in Google’s health division are developing technology they believe can help doctors better diagnose, treat and prevent vision impairment caused by diabetic retinopathy.
[San Francisco Chronicle / Catherine Ho, Wendy Lee]


Interesting stuff in the world of AI

Pilot study shows AI could help predict school violence
The researchers found that machine learning is as accurate as a team of child and adolescent psychiatrists in determining risk for school violence.
[Science Daily / Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center]

Nvidia’s AI reconstructs partially erased images with great accuracy
The company introduced their latest mind-blowing computer vision technique, which is able to ‘inpaint’ parts of an image that have been deleted or modified.
[The Next Web/Tristan Greene]